The US Constitution divides our government into three parts: the judicial branch, the legislative, and the executive. We see this today in the Supreme Court, Congress, and the Presidential office, which have different roles that keep the others in check.
This three-part separation was first used by John Calvin in Geneva. There are two reasons behind it:
1) It is modeled after God’s offices as our ruler
For the LORD is our judge; the LORD is our lawgiver;
the LORD is our king; he will save us.
(Isaiah 33:22 ESV)
God is Lord. The Bible is clear: “the Lord is King Forever and Ever” (Ps. 10:16). God is the ultimate power over all nations. Therefore, our own government of the nations should be modeled after God’s government. God Himself demonstrates three separate areas of government: lawmaking, judging, and ruling.
2) It tries to limit the power of sinful men
“None is righteous, no, not one;
no one understands;
no one seeks for God.
All have turned aside; together they have become worthless;
no one does good, not even one.”
“Their throat is an open grave;
they use their tongues to deceive.”
“The venom of asps is under their lips.”
“Their mouth is full of curses and bitterness.”
“Their feet are swift to shed blood;
in their paths are ruin and misery,
and the way of peace they have not known.”
“There is no fear of God before their eyes.”
(Romans 3:10-18 ESV)
This three-part separation of powers has at its core the understanding that men are sinners and thus their sinful nature must be put into check and their power must be limited. Despite the fact that our humanistic culture assumes men are good, we still greatly benefit from this separation of powers in our government and even in public corporations.
Don’t knock your foundations
With the growing rise of socialism and atheism in this country, there is a growing hatred of Biblical Christianity. This hatred is foolish on many levels, but especially in how it attacks the very foundation that this country stands on. When we throw out all the assumptions and values that formed the basis of our governmental structure (such as limiting man’s power because of his sin) then those foundational assumptions will crumble and the benefits of this government which we have long enjoyed will be taken away. Even today we’re seeing a rapid centralization of power into the executive branch, with the president slowly acting more like a monarch than a limited manager. This will have terrible repercussions.
Thankfully, God is my King and His Kingdom will never be shaken.